Collective Impact is the commitment of a group of actors from different sectors to a common agenda for solving a specific social problem, using a structured form of collaboration. The concept was first articulated in the 2011 Stanford Social Innovation Review article Collective Impact by John Kania and Mark Kramer. The concept of collective impact hinges on the idea that in order for organizations to create lasting solutions to social problems on a large-scale, they need to coordinate their efforts and work together around a clearly defined goal. (Wikipedia)
Kania and Kramer identify "Five Conditions of Collective Impact Success":
- Common Agenda
- Shared Measurement
- Mutually Reinforcing Activities
- Continuous Communication
- Backbone Support
There is a growing recognition amongst some practitioners that the last factor, backbone support, may be best viewed as a function in some cases shared by multiple entities. NEFKE seeks to serve as a sort of regional backbone for backbones, helping food system related CI initiatives across the Northeast U.S. find and connect with each other and the information resources they need to be effective.